In his designs, Alvar Aalto combined Scandinavian craft traditions and his own affinity to nature with the functional ideas of the Bauhaus. This led to an exchange of ideas with Marcel Breuer, which later influenced the work of both men. Armchair No. 42 was presented for the first time at an exhibition held in conjunction with the Nordic Building Forum in 1932. With a simple three-part construction, the design ensures a high degree of comfort: the cantilever base flexes in response to the user’s weight and the plywood seat shell follows the contours of the body. In recognition of its pleasant tactile qualities and favourable insulating properties, Aalto executed the chair in natural birchwood with a black or white lacquer finish for the seat shell.
Scale 1: 6
Material: Armrests: laminated birch, natural stain Seat/backrest: birch plywood, black lacquer finish
Manufacturers of the full-scale (1:1) model
1932–1966 Oy. Huonekalu – ja Rakennustyötehdas AB, Turku, Finnland
seit/since 1966 Huonekalutehdas Korhonen Oy., Turku, Finnland